Roberto, Margherita and Beatrice


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A Reactive Implementation of Pos Using ROBDDs

Roberto Bagnara
Dipartimento di Informatica
Università di Pisa
Corso Italia 40
I-56125 Pisa


The subject of groundness analysis for (constraint) logic programs has been widely studied, and interesting domains have been proposed. Pos has been recognized as the most suitable domain for capturing the kind of dependencies arising in groundness analysis. Its (by now standard) implementation is based on reduced ordered binary-decision diagrams (ROBDDs), a well-known symbolic representation for Boolean functions. Even though several authors have reported positive experiences using ROBDDs for groundness analysis, in the literature there is no reference to the problem of the efficient detection of those variable which are deemed to be ground in the context of a ROBDD. This is not surprising, since most currently implemented analyzers need to derive this information only at the end of the analysis and only for presentation purposes. Things are much different when this information is required during the analysis. This need arises when dealing with languages which employ some sort of delay mechanism, which are typically based on groundness conditions. In these cases, the naif approaches are too inefficient, since the abstract interpreter must quickly (and often) decide whether a constraint is delayed or not. Fast access to ground variables is also necessary when aliasing analysis is performed using a domain not keeping track of ground dependencies. In this paper we introduce and study the problem, proposing two possible solutions. The second one, besides making possible the quick detection of ground variables, has also the effect of keeping the ROBDDs as small as possible, improving the efficiency of groundness analysis in itself.

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[Page last updated on December 10, 1999, 11:30:49.]

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